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How are Mortgage Payments Calculated?

When you're buying a home, one of the most important things to consider is how much your monthly mortgage payment will be. Your monthly mortgage payment is based on several factors, including your loan amount, interest rate, and loan term, as well as any additional fees like mortgage insurance, property taxes, and home insurance. In this post, we'll take a closer look at each of these factors and how they influence your monthly mortgage payment.

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Principal and Interest Payments:

Your monthly mortgage payment consists of both principal and interest payments. The principal is the amount you borrowed to buy your home, and the interest is the cost of borrowing that money. The amount of your principal and interest payments will depend on your loan amount, interest rate, and loan term.

Loan Term:

Your loan term refers to the amount of time you have to repay your mortgage, typically 15, 20, or 30 years. The longer the term, the lower your monthly payment will be, but the more interest you'll pay over the life of the loan.

Property Taxes:

Property taxes are a major factor in your monthly mortgage payment. The amount you pay in property taxes is based on the assessed value of your home and the tax rate in your area. Your lender will typically include your property tax payment in your monthly mortgage payment when pricing up your new loan.

Home Insurance:

Home insurance is another important variable in your monthly mortgage payment. Your lender will require you to have homeowners insurance to protect the property and the mortgage lender's interest. The cost of insurance can vary widely based on the type of coverage you choose, the location of your home, and the age of the property.

Mortgage Insurance:

Mortgage insurance is another fee that can influence your monthly mortgage payment.

There are two main types of mortgage insurance:

FHA mortgage insurance and conventional mortgage insurance.


FHA mortgage insurance is required for all FHA loans and can be paid as both an upfront fee and an annual premium. The upfront fee is typically 1.75% of the loan amount, and the annual premium is paid in monthly installments, usually ranging from 0.45% to 1.05% of the loan amount.


Conventional mortgage insurance is required for conventional loans that have a down payment of less than 20%. The amount of the mortgage insurance will depend on several factors, including the loan amount, down payment, and the borrower's credit score.

In summary, your monthly mortgage payment is influenced by several factors, including your principal and interest payments, property taxes, home insurance, and mortgage insurance. By understanding these factors, you can make an informed decision when choosing a mortgage that works for your budget. For the last 30 years John Voter has been here to help guide you through the mortgage process and answer any questions you may have along the way. Contact John today to learn more!








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